The Five Laws Of Dao Which You Have To Follow As A Human
不受 偏愛偏惡 曰 仁
불수 편애편오 왈 인
Bul-su Pyeon-ae-pyeon-o wal IN
Not leaning to unbalanced love or unbalanced hate, that means true benevolence/humaneness.
不受 全是全非 曰 義
불수 전시전비 왈 의
Bul-su Jeon-si-jeon-bi wal EUI
Not assuming matters as completely right or completely wrong, that means true justice.
不受 專强專便 曰 禮
불수 전강전편 왈 예
Bul-su Jeon-gang-jeon-pyeon wal YE
Not being only rigid and not being only at ease, that means true politeness.
不受 恣聰恣明 曰 智
불수 자총자명 왈 지
Bul-su Ja-chong-ja-myeong wal JI
Not being biased against what you hear and see, that means true wisdom.
不受 濫物濫欲 曰 信
불수 남물남욕 왈 신
Bul-su Nam-mul-nam-yok wal SIN
Not focussing overly on wealth or desires, that means true trust.
Source: Gang Jeung-san Sangjenim
Translation and Explanation: Jinju2Saram
We will explain each of the teachings of Osang in detail.
Let's look at IN (benevolence) first.
The teaching of IN makes us questions the following: Do I treat other people in a certain way even they don't deserve it or I don't have reason for it, because I overly love or overly hate that person? For example, if you keep showing love to a child no matter if the child's behavior is right or wrong, the child cannot recognize when it behaved wrong and therefore it cannot distinguish what's right and what's wrong.
It is the same when you hate somebody. You need to always consider, if you have a reason to hate that person or if you just dislike his/her habits or behavior, and therefore forejudge that person and hate him/her. So you shouldn't look at a person simply from your own perspective, but try to see the bigger picture and consider that person's perspective as well. Is it okay to hate a person, because I dislike his/her behavior? Is that behavior really bad? And how can I hate that person without knowing him/her by only looking at one thing?
When you ask those questions to yourself, you can know about that person better and treat him/her according to it.
Next, let's have a look on EUI (justice).
When one person's opinion is different from a bigger group's opinion it doesn't mean the group opinion is more correct. Let's have a look on some examples. Most people think that killing somebody is not right. When you just hear that, it is easy to accept this opinion. However, this is a question, which needs to be decided according to the situation. When someone tries to harm my family and I kill that person because I have no other choice in order to protect myself and my family, do I need to get punished because I killed someone? There might be many cases like this, so even it is not right to kill people, you need to consider the circumstances and judge according to it.
Another example: by killing a murderer I prevent more people's death, because that person cannot continue his/her plan. How about this case? Is it right to blame me in this situation because I killed someone? To make the right decisions in certain situations we need to consider each situation individually as well as that person's mind. When you do that, your judgement will be closer to justice.
In case of YE (politeness) it is similar.
YE also needs to be adjusted according to each situation. Some situations require more sincerity, and some situations require more relaxed acting. Therefore, you shouldn't act inappropriate to the situation and shouldn't show the same attitude all the time. You need to consider what kind of situation it is, who you are dealing with, and what's the subject. Thus you can decide if you can be at ease and relaxed or need to be sincere and behave more politely.
For example, when we conduct a ceremony for the ancestors we cannot be in the mood for playing or do whatever we want or act rude. However, when we are with a friend, we can talk something funny and spend time in a relaxed and happy mood. During meeting a friend our mind needs to be relaxed, because if we are stiff, it is not funny anymore, so nobody wants to spend time together anymore. Therefore, when your talking and acting fits on the situation, it can be called sincere politeness.
How about JI (wisdom)?
Many people easily believe what other people say. For example, when a friend tells you about a really weird person, and you agree on that opinion upon hearing it and start to think as well that it must be a weird person. However, it is not right to judge a person just by hearing a story from others. Accepting an opinion from your friend, people around you or the media, without even trying to find out if it is true or being suspicious, is not right. When you judge about a person or situation, you can consider other people's opinion, but you need to find the truth by yourself and then make the final decision.
Now, in the Early Heaven, it is not so easy to be wise, because we are exposed to the media all the time and get influenced easily by that. We need to decide if the news we are watching is "fake news" or not, or if the politician's TV speech is true or not, without having been there and without having met that politician directly, simply based on the information from the media. And the politicians know about the public opinion well, so by using the media they do propaganda and force the public opinion into a certain direction. Therefore, nowadays finding objectivity in the media is as difficult as threading a needle.
Trying to be wise and judge correctly is also what the people who look at our blog need to do: don't just accept our writings, but try to judge if it is correct or not, or if it lacks something. When you read a text you can ask these questions: Is it right what this person says now? Do I agree on this person's talking? When you read a text, you need to read it with an open mind and judge about it correctly by that.
Finally we will talk about SIN (trust).
Do you want to be rich? Let's imagine that you became an extremely rich person. Having too much wealth, which means having more than you actually need, makes you become greedy and hang your mind on the wealth. When you become like that, it is not so easy to give trust to people around you, because you might be afraid that those people take something from you. So you start being suspicious against those people and will have a hard time to trust them.
And now let's think about people's opinion of you. Most people will follow you well when you become rich, but they will not easily open their mind to you because they know that you like money more than them. Therefore, at some point all the people who were close to you will be gone, and there will be only people left around you who like your money. So when somebody focuses on wealth, not only it is hard to give trust to people but it is also difficult to get trust from people.