The Great Learning
大學之道는 在明明德하며 在新民하며 在至於至善이니라.
대학지도는 재명명덕하며 재신민하며 재지어지선이니라.
Dae-hak-ji-do-neun Jae-myeong-myeong-deok-ha-myeo Jae-sin-min-ha-myeo Jae-ji-eo-ji-seon-i-ni-ra.
The Dao of the great learning consists in making people’s bright virtue shine, so they can undergo renewal, and thereby achieve the utmost goodness.
知止而後에 有定이니 定而後에 能靜하며
지지이후에 유정이니 정이후에 능정하며
Ji-ji-i-hu-e Yu-jeong-i-ni Jeong-i-hu-e Neung-jeong-ha-myeo
靜而後에 能安하고 安而後에 能慮하고 慮而後에 能得이니라.
정이후에 능안하고 안이후에 능려하고 려이후에 능득이니라.
Jeong-i-hu-e Neung-an-ha-go An-i-hu-e Neung-ryeo-ha-go Ryeo-i-hu-e Neung-deuk-i-ni-ra.
When you know where to stay, you can settle there. When you settled, you can be calm. When you are calm, you can be at ease. When you are at ease, you can think clearly from your mind. After thinking clearly, you can take it.
物有本末하고 事有終始하니 知所先後면 則近道矣리라.
물유본말하고 사유종시하니 지소선후면 즉근도의리라.
Mul-yu-bon-mal-ha-go Sa-yu-jong-si-ha-ni Ji-so-seon-hu-myeon Jeuk-geun-do-eui-ri-ra.
All things have a root and an edge. The work has an ending and a beginning. When you know, which one comes first and which one comes afterwards, you are close to the Dao.
欲治其國者는 先齊其家하고 欲齊其家者는 先修其身하고
욕치기국자는 선제기가하고 욕제기가자는 선수기신하고
Yok-chi-gi-guk-ja-neun Seon-je-gi-ga-ha-go Yok-je-gi-ga-ja-neun Seon-su-gi-sin-ha-go
欲修其身者는 先正其心하고 欲正其心者는 先誠其意하고
욕수기신자는 선정기심하고 욕정기심자는 선성기의하고
Yok-su-gi-sin-ja-neun Seon-jeong-gi-sim-ha-go Yok-jeong-gi-sim-ja-neun Seon-seong-gi-eui-ha-go
欲誠其意者는 先致其知하니 致知는 在格物이니라.
욕성기의자는 선치기지하니 치지는 재격물이니라.
Yok-seong-gi-eui-ja-neun Seon-chi-gi-ji-ha-ni Chi-ji-neun Jae-gyeok-mul-i-ni-ra.
Since ancient times a person, who wants to make the bright virtue shine again in this world, first needs to rule the country. Wanting to rule the country, one first needs to arrange the household. Wanting to arrange the household, one first needs to clean oneself. Wanting to clean oneself, one first needs to correct one’s mind. Wanting to correct one’s mind, one first needs to make one’s mind goal clear. Wanting to make one’s mind goal clear, one first needs to reach enlightenment. For reaching enlightenment, one needs to seek the law of nature from all things.
After seeking the law of nature from all things, one reaches enlightenment. After reaching enlightenment, one’s mind goal becomes clear. After the mind goal becomes clear, one’s mind becomes correct. After one’s mind becomes correct, one becomes clean. After becoming clean, one’s household becomes arranged. After one’s household becomes arranged, the country becomes ruled. After the country becomes ruled, the whole world under the heaven becomes peaceful.
自天子로 以之於庶人이 壹是皆以修身爲本이니라.
자천자로 이지어서인이 일시개이수신위본이니라.
Ja-cheon-ja-ro I-ji-eo-seo-in-i Il-si-gae-i-su-sin-wi-bon-i-ni-ra.
By the Cheon-ja conducting these steps first by himself, everybody down to the common people get influenced. This can only happen, because the Cheon-ja takes cleaning him/herself as the basic.
其所厚者薄하고 而其所薄者厚하야 末之有也니라.
기소후자박하고 이기소박자후하야 말지유야니라.
Gi-so-hu-ja-bak-ha-go I-gi-so-bak-ja-hu-ha-ya Mal-ji-yu-ya-ni-ra.
There is nobody, who can rule the edge, when the root is chaotic. Thus you need to be strict to the person, who neglects taking care of his/her basic root. And you need to be generous with the person, who thoroughly takes care of his/her basic root. Thereby you can rule the edge.
Source: The Great Learning, written by Zhuxi based on the teachings of Confucius
Translation, transcription, and commentary: Jinju2Saram
Gang Jeung-san's successor Go Su-bu said about The Great Learning:
"This is a great book, which contains the main method to rule the country, arrange your household, and work on your body, your mind and your life goal."
[Source: 'Seonjeongweongyeong', written by Go Min-hwan, a follower of Go Su-bu]
When Gang Jeung-san saw the verses of The Great Learning, he said that they contain the norm of human Dao. That means this text contains the nature law which you have to keep and follow as a human.